How to Legally Purchase Cannabis Seeds in the United States
By Kellie Pantekoek, Esq. | Reviewed by Bridget Molitor, JD | Last updated April 21, 2020
Thinking about starting your own cannabusiness? You are not alone. From CBD to medical marijuana to edibles, legal cannabis has become one of the fastest-growing industries in the United States, with few signs of slowing down any time soon.
If your business will include cannabis growing or cultivation, then you are probably wondering how to get your hands on weed seeds. legally. Before taking that step, though, make sure your business has the necessary license to operate legally in your state.
First and Foremost: Know Your State Laws
State law governs if and how you can operate your cannabis growing business, and each state takes a slightly different approach. Your state may offer a large number of permits with few prerequisites, a small number of permits with an extensive application process, or something in between.
Here are a couple of other factors to keep in mind about the legality of cannabis seeds:
- State law treats growing marijuana for selling purposes differently from growing marijuana for personal use. Your state may allow you to grow a limited number of cannabis plants for personal use without a license. For example, Colorado residents over age 21 can grow up to six plants, with as many as three plants flowering at one time.
- Cannabis seeds can often be purchased legally for uses other than growing marijuana such as fishing bait, bird food, and preservation. The government recognizes that cannabis seeds have other uses beyond just growing more marijuana.
In addition to studying your state’s regulations, you should also join local cannabusiness groups and meet with aВ local cannabis business attorneyВ for assistance. There is no such thing as going into the marijuana business too prepared. Once you are ready to take the step of legally buying cannabis seeds, you have a few options to choose from.
It’s Best to Shop Local, but Buying Online Is an Option
If you live in a state that permits the sale of marijuana seeds, your best bet is to shop locally for high-quality seeds. This means visiting a dispensary, local farmers market, or seed company in your state to make your purchase. There, you can get the in-person help you need to make your purchase legally.
It is also an option to buy cannabis seeds online from an online seed bank and then have the seeds shipped to you, so long as you are abiding by state law. The risk here is that your package could still be confiscated. While it is unlikely that you would face criminal charges, there is no guarantee because of the way federal law treats marijuana products.
Can I Buy Cannabis Seeds in Other States or Countries?
You shouldn’t have any trouble buying cannabis seeds in another state or country if it’s legal there. It’s bringing the seeds back to your home state that can get you into trouble.
In the United States, cannabis seeds cannot cross state lines because marijuana products are still illegal under federal law. Though rare, transporting the products across state lines could result in federal criminal charges. This is true even if you are purchasing cannabis seeds in a state that authorizes it and entering a state that also authorizes it.
The same is true for buying cannabis seeds in another country. It may sound like a great idea to buy cannabis seeds while visiting one of the world-renowned marijuana seed banks that exist in places such as the Netherlands or the United Kingdom. But when you re-enter the U.S. with your goods, Customs and Border Protection will seize any seeds they find, even if your plane landed in a state where they are legal. Again, it goes back to marijuana being illegal under federal law.
How Much Do Cannabis Seeds Cost?
How much you will pay for cannabis seeds depends on the strain of marijuana you buy. Typically, a pack of 10 or 12 seeds starts at around $40. You can expect to pay up to $500 for high-end strains. Again, it is important to only buy cannabis seeds from a legal and reputable seed bank or dispensary — and only if you know you are abiding by state law.
Legal Help for Cannabusiness Entrepreneurs
Cannabis law is an ever-evolving tangle of state and federal regulations that often contradict one another. Additionally, the cannabis industry is very new, and still illegal under federal law. For these reasons, it’s important to seek the advice of a business attorney well-versed in cannabis law so that your venture starts out on the right track and you avoid legal problems.
Many cannabis business owners wonder how to legally purchase cannabis seeds in the U.S. and beyond. Find your answers here at FindLaw.
How To Buy Cannabis Seeds Legally In UK?
Cannabis is quickly gaining popularity in the UK. As with all things new, it is important to know what is involved in the process of buying cannabis seeds legally in UK. As lenient as the UK laws are about Cannabis in comparison to other countries, the laws in effect are quite strict and anyone found breaking them could face hefty penalties and possible jail time.
UK Laws regarding Cannabis
Since 1923, cannabis was illegal in the United Kingdom when it was added to the Dangerous Drugs Act of 1920. In 1971, the Misuse of Drugs Act was passed where drugs were classified into either Class A, B or C categories. Class A drugs are those that are the most dangerous and carry the harshest punishments. Cannabis is in Class B; they are in the same class as amphetamines while Class C drugs are those that have the lowest capacity for harm. This differs in the USA where cannabis is placed in the same level as harder drugs such as heroin and cocaine.
When the Act was passed, the maximum penalties for cannabis were increased. Anyone above the age of 18 who is charged with the use, growth, possession or selling of cannabis in the UK in 2020 can have their money or property confiscated as per the Drug Trafficking Offenses act. The law is also on the side of financial institutions who are encouraged to report any suspected incidences of dealing.
For anyone 18 years and above, the police can issue a warning for a first-time offender. The written warning will not appear on the CRB (Criminal Records Bureau) which is used by employers and won’t appear on the PNC (Police National Computer).
For a second offense for possession of cannabis, expect to get a Penalty Notice of Disorder. This means you are subject to an £80 fine to be paid within 14 days. Failure to do so results in a mandated court appearance.
For third time offenders, you will be arrested and the court will impose their sentence and this is likely to end up on your criminal record.
The factors that will be considered when passing the court sentence include one’s level of involvement in the operation, the persons criminal history and the size/quantity of the cannabis they had.
The maximum imprisonment penalty for possessing a Class B drug such as cannabis is 5 years, an unlimited cash fine or both. Most times, when people are caught with cannabis seeds or a small amount of cannabis, they might not be subject to the maximum sentence for possession. Even those with repeat offences normally get short prison sentences.
So how do you legally buy and sell cannabis seeds in the UK?
Since 2020, the legal route involved getting a license from the Home Office.
To get the licence, you must complete a criminal records check and meet specific guidelines. The cost of a licence is nearly £600 and people can grow the plant for research purposes or one can grow low THC varieties ideal for industrial hemp.
With all the laws in place, the best way is to buy cannabis seeds is to do so legally since there are provisions for this in the UK. This applies to both low and high THC strains, fiber and hemp oil are also legal.
Buying cannabis seeds need not be done in person, it can easily and discretely be done online here. There are quite a number of strains available from seed banks that ship to the UK. Be sure to choose a reputable web-based shop to get the best seeds.
Keep in mind, when buying anything cannabis related, check the current local laws since legislation changes often and it may vary depending on your location or where you intend to ship it to.
It is currently legal for UK residents to purchase seeds from UK seed banks. It is also legal to possess cannabis seeds of all strains, yet it is still illegal to grow your own marijuana plants from the seeds purchased.
In the UK, it is legal to buy, sell and trade Cannabis seeds. Other state laws surrounding cannabis seeds include;
- People are allowed to sell seeds and can sell it over the counter or by delivering to one’s mailing address.
- There are rules governing the quantity you can possess. Having extra seeds than what is mandated can cause issues in the future.
- If you are caught selling or cultivating cannabis seeds for commercial use, you could face serious consequences.
- There are UK licensed shops that can sell highly potent cannabis seeds.
You can possess cannabis seeds if you are using it as bird food, fish bait or as a collection item. Consumption of cannabis seeds is prohibited. The question would be, how the authorities determine what you intend to do with the seeds. In event you are caught with the seeds or with marijuana, there are various processes to go through to prove that they were not used for cultivation or consumption.
What about medical marijuana?
Medical cannabis is only available in pharmaceutical or synthetic forms. A patient can get a prescription for Nabilone, which is a synthetic cannabinoid used for neuropathic pain. The other drug that is available is called Sativex which is available in the UK but it is quite pricey.
For patients with chronic pain seeking to take cannabis to deal with their condition, they may request doctors to prescribe cannabis and they can get it when they go to other European countries such as the Netherlands. However, they may not be able to come back with it and enter the country with the medical marijuana they got from another country other than within the UK.
Selling Cannabis seeds
If you are interested in the business of selling cannabis seeds, there are a number of steps to follow to ensure your store is legal.
The first step is to create awareness to customers that they are not allowed to consume or cultivate them. They can only collect them of use them for bird food or fish bait.
As a shop owner, you are not allowed to cultivate the seeds and you need to convince the authorities that you have no intent to do so, that your role is only to sell the seeds. Your shop will need to be approved by the relevant autorities.
It is easy to buy cannabis seeds legally in the UK, choose reputable online stores to get your seeds quickly and discreetly.
How To Buy Cannabis Seeds Legally In UK? Cannabis is quickly gaining popularity in the UK. As with all things new, it is important to know what is involved in the process of buying cannabis