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is it legal to buy marijuana seeds in california

A guide to buying cannabis seeds

The first couple months of the year is a great time to start planning your cannabis garden to get a head start on the outdoor growing season, which roughly runs from March to November, depending on where you live.

Navigating the cannabis seed market can be challenging when states have different degrees of legality. This guide will answer your questions on buying seeds so you can be on your way to growing your own cannabis.

Is it legal to buy marijuana seeds?

Marijuana seeds are considered a cannabis product just like flower, edibles, and concentrates. Their legality depends on which state you live in. People living in states with adult-use legalization can buy, produce, and sell seeds within their own state, but seeds can’t cross state lines. People living in states with medical marijuana legalization can only buy seeds if they have a medical card.

Seed banks exist outside of the US and can sell them for “souvenir purposes,” but it is illegal to bring seeds into the US and Customs will seize any cannabis seeds they find in packages or on a person.

Where can I buy cannabis seeds?

Many world-renowned seed banks are overseas in the Netherlands, the UK, Spain, and other countries where cannabis laws are less restricted. Seed banks provide seeds from a variety of different breeders.

In states with adult-use legalization or a medical marijuana program, you can buy seeds within your own state, either at a dispensary or through a specific seed company’s website.

How to buy cannabis seeds online

Before you purchase seeds online, you’ll need to figure out what strain you want to grow and what breeder you want to buy from.

Because US federal law still prohibits cannabis, it can be hard to find information on seed banks and breeders. Breeders who have a long history and positive reputation are usually a good place to start. To get an idea of what well-established breeders look like, check out:

Europe

  • Sensi Seeds
  • DNA Genetics
  • Dinafem
  • Green House Seeds

US

  • Southern Humboldt Seed Collective
  • Exotic Genetix

You can also do some research and find an online grow journal that details the whole growing process of a specific strain from a particular breeder. Through these, you’ll be able to look over another grower’s specific notes and see pictures of the final results.

If you grow some seeds and like the results, try growing another strain from that same breeder and see how it goes.

How to buy cannabis seeds at a dispensary

Although this option is only available to people living in states with medical and adult-use legalization, buying marijuana seeds at the dispensary is far more straightforward. However, your options are more limited.

Dispensary staff should be able to give you information on the seeds they’re selling, but keep in mind that a lot of dispensaries focus on selling flower and end-products. It’s a good idea to call ahead and talk to staff to see if they are knowledgeable about seeds and can give you specific information on growing.

How to look for quality genetics when buying marijuana seeds

Breeders talk about “unstable genetics,” meaning that a seed’s origin is unknown. Make sure that when you buy a packet of seeds that it or the breeder who produced them can list where the seeds came from and how they were crossed and/or backcrossed to get the seed that you hold in your hand. If you can’t get a seed’s history, it could be anything and the result of poor breeding practices.

An inexperienced breeder might cross a male and a female one time and sell the resulting seeds as a new hybrid strain, but professional breeders usually put their strains through several rounds of backcrossing to stabilize the genetics and ensure consistent plants that reflect those genetics.

Which strain should I grow?

Even one weed plant can produce a lot of buds come harvest time, so make sure you grow a strain you like. Note strains you enjoy when you pick something up at the dispensary or smoke with friends, and look for seeds of it when you want to start growing.

Some strains are easier to grow than others because they are more resistant to mold and pests, so if you’re new to growing, you may want to try an easier strain to start.

Some strains also take longer to grow than others. Depending on whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, you may want to grow a quicker marijuana strain if you live in a climate that get cold and wet early in the season. For example, indicas are known for having a shorter flowering time than sativas.

All of this information should be available to you when buying quality seeds.

What’s the difference between regular, feminized, and autoflower seeds?

Regular seeds

If you buy a packet of regular seeds, they’ll come with a mix of males and females. A lot of cultivators prefer to grow these because they haven’t been backcrossed—essentially inbred—as much as feminized or autoflower seeds. You’ll need to sex out the seeds once their reproductive organs show during the flowering phase and discard the males—because they don’t produce buds and will pollenate females, resulting in seeded flowers.

Feminized seeds

Seeds can come feminized, meaning you can just put them in soil and start growing for buds. These seeds are guaranteed to be bud-producing females and growing them cuts out the step of having to sex out plants and discard the males.

It also reduces the risk of having a stray male sneak into your crop—just one male can pollinate a huge crop, causing your females to focus their energies on producing seeds instead of buds.

Autoflower seeds

Autoflower plants change from the vegetative to flowering state with age, not the changing of their light cycle. They have a short grow-to-harvest time and can be ready to harvest in as little as 2 ½ to 3 months from when you put the seeds in the ground. The downside is that, typically, they are less potent, but autoflower seeds are great for people who want to grow cannabis but don’t want to spend a lot of time doing it.

How much do marijuana seeds cost?

Cannabis seeds usually come in a pack of 10 or 12 seeds and start at around $40 a pack and go up from there. Some high-end genetics can run between $200 to $500 a pack.

Feminized and autoflower seeds will cost more because more breeding work was put in to creating them and they take less time for the grower to get buds.

How many seeds should I buy? Are they all going to survive?

When you grow any amount of seeds, a percentage of them won’t germinate, even if you get them from a reputable breeder. Always count on a few not germinating or dying off, or roughly 1/4 of the total you put in the ground.

When growing regular seeds, some won’t germinate and some will have to be discarded because they’ll turn out to be males. With feminized seeds, some won’t germinate, but a higher percentage of them will turn into flowering plants because there won’t be any males.

If you want six total cannabis plants to harvest for buds and are growing from regular seeds, start with about 4 times as many, or 24 seeds. Some won’t germinate and some will turn out to be males, and then you’ll want to discard down to the six best phenotypes. If growing feminized seeds, you can probably start with about twice as many seeds in this case (about 12); a couple won’t germinate, and then discard down to the six best phenotypes.

Make sure to always stay within your state’s legal limit of growing plants.

How do I buy strain-specific cannabis seeds?

Strains like Blue Dream, Gelato, and Original Glue have gained in popularity in recent years. Check out these resources on how to buy these types of cannabis seeds:

Pat Goggins contributed to this article.

Navigating the cannabis seed market can be tricky from a legal perspective. Get the answer to your top questions about buying cannabis seeds today.

is it legal to buy cannabis seeds in california

Los Angeles marijuana lawyers recognize there is great diversity in seed genetics, and advise companies to seek counsel before arranging any kind of retail sale or transport.

Legal Issues in Selling Cannabis Seeds in California

Last month marked the start of the typical marijuana grow season, which runs March through November, which meant indiv />

But are sales of cannabis seeds legal? Some growers serve both the grey and legal market marijuana seeds.

As the legal cannabis market has expanded, selling cannabis seeds has become more commonplace, especially as consumers’ tastes become more refined. Still not all cannabis seed sales are lawful.

Genetic Seed Variations Can Be Protected Intellectual Property

Los Angeles marijuana lawyers recognize there is great diversity in seed genetics, and advise companies to seek counsel before arranging any kind of retail sale or transport.

Many marijuana growers pride themselves on their extensive knowledge of marijuana growth, which obviously begins with the seed. The three basic types of cannabis seeds are regular, autoflowering and female, with each containing broad subtypes, often referred to as “strains.” Many cannabis cultivators pride themselves on various elements of the strains they grow, as the effects can vary widely depending on seed properties. Certain strains are better for those seeking medicinal relief, while others are better for creating various degrees of intoxication and still others for a distinct taste. Growers are increasingly asserting intellectual property rights, something all cultivators should discuss with their cannabis business attorney.

Cannabis Seed Sales and California Law

Laws pertaining to sales of marijuana seeds or associated products vary a great deal in the U.S. and beyond, in part because there is a general lack of understanding on how they should be defined. Some consider seed sales ancillary to the cannabis market, but the reality is because these are part of the cannabis plant (or rather, its origins) these too are controlled.

Generally speaking, cannabis seeds can be lawfully purchased by adults states with legal adult recreational use (like California) either at a dispensary or online intrastate (meaning not purchased from another state – even one that has also legalized the drug). The reason for this restriction is that interstate sales fall under the purview of federal law, which still considers marijuana a dangerous narcotic.

Los Angeles marijuana dispensaries routinely sell pot seeds over-the-counter, and cost is roughly $12 for a pack of 10, though higher-end strains can run several hundred dollars. Dispensary options are limited compared to what one might find online at a California cannabis seed bank.

The California Cannabis Control Board in accordance with Prop. 64 caps the maximum number of cannabis plants that can be grown by an individual at any given time at six. That assumes you’re over 21 and aren’t doing so in a community that has a local ordinance banning or further restricting such cultivation.

Those selling cannabis seeds in California, either in-store or online, need to be certain procedures are in place to prevent sales to restricted buyers (mostly minors).

Buying, selling or transporting those seeds out-of-state though is where things can get dicey.

International Weed Seed Sales

Internationally, many countries don’t restrict or regulate cannabis seed sales, as the seeds have a myriad of benign uses. These can include production of clothing material, oils and food for animals/fishing bait.

However, other countries are much more strict about what can be imported and for what purpose. Los Angeles cannabis lawyers strongly advise anyone conducting international sales of any cannabis product to consult with an attorney. Failure to do so could affect your pocketbook (if customs in another country refuses to allow your shipment to reach its final destination). However, it can also draw the attention of U.S. law enforcement agents, with the possibility of criminal charges.

The Los Angeles CANNABIS LAW Group represents growers, dispensaries, collectives, patients and those facing marijuana charges. Call us at 714-937-2050.

Spain is a decentralized country with autonomous regions that can define their own regulations. Nevertheless, the policy of the provinces on cannabis seeds is almost the same everywhere: buying and selling cannabis seeds in Spain is permitted for private use. It’s therefore not strictly illegal to own and grow a few cannabis seeds in Spain unless it can be proven that you are planning to trade in weed.

Is it legal to buy weed seeds online?

In general, the purchase of cannabis seeds as a collector’s item or for other purposes than breeding is considered legal. However, the legislation on cannabis is often very confusing. Many countries tolerate the use, possession and cultivation of small quantities, other countries have a total ban while more and more countries are legalizing cannabis or working on it. However, cannabis seeds are a separate story in this discussion.

In 1962, a single Convention on Narcotic Drugs was signed by 180 Member countries in the context of a global legislation that considers cannabis an illicit substance. Not the seed itself.

Strictly, a cannabis seed is not a weed nor a drug. The seed contains no narcotic components so you won’t get stoned from it but what it makes complicated is that you can grow a cannabis plant with a cannabis seed.

Conclusion: technically cannabis seeds are legal in all of these 180 member states. In theory, it’s perfectly legal to buy cannabis seeds as long as they are not germinated and the public prosecutor can’t prove that you want to grow cannabis. Many countries therefore don’t see cannabis seeds as illegal but also not as legal. The seed itself is probably allowed, but the germination of the seed isn’t always. A lot of ambiguity.

In this blog, we try to answer the question per country: is it legal to buy weed seeds online?

Different rules per country

In Europe it’s allowed to buy and sell small quantities cannabis seeds (online). However, big sales to individuals aren’t allowed because it can encourage large-scale breeding. Yet it remains unclear where the dividing line is between small and large scale quantities.

In addition, in spite to the 1962 treaty all countries in the world still have their own regulations regarding cannabis seeds We therefore strongly advise everyone to check the legality of cannabis seeds in their own country before buying.

Please note: Below, you see a list of countries and the regulations. We have done our greatest best to display the regulations per county as clearly as possible. The regulations concerning cannabis seeds can be adapted per country and from time to time. Because it’s impossible for us to keep up with the regulations for each country, this information should never be interpreted as legal advice. We don’t want to encourage the sales of cannabis seeds in countries where cannabis seeds are illegal.

If you think the information on this page is incorrect or when information is missing, please let us know immediately. In that way we can adjust the information and provide everyone with up-to-date and relevant information.

Is it possible to buy cannabis seeds in the Netherlands online and in a legal way?

In the Netherlands cannabis seeds are legal and may be bought and sold. However, the legislation is unclear about the amount of cannabis seeds you can buy or sell without promoting large-scale breeding. What might be amazing is that growing more than 5 cannabis plants is illegal in Holland and is seen as a criminal act. However, if you cultivate a maximum of 5 cannabis plants it will be tolerated by the Dutch law.

The legality of cannabis seeds in Germany

Are you planning to buy cannabis seeds in Germany? Good news. Buying cannabis seeds online is legal in Germany. The seeds don’t fall under the German narcotics law. However, Germany is one of the few countries that prohibit the sale of cannabis seeds, but because free movement of goods is allowed within the EU it’s permitted to receive cannabis seeds in Germany.

Is it legal to buy cannabis seeds online in the UK?

If you live in the UK and you want to buy marijuana seeds we have some good news. In the United Kingdom it’s legal to buy and sell cannabis seeds. Besides, it doesn’t matter where you buy your seeds. That may be in the United Kingdom itself or from another country. However, keep in mind that the germination of cannabis seeds is still illegal in the UK.

Can you send cannabis seeds to the USA in a legal way?

Inhabitants of the USA have to deal with other regulations. According to federal law, weed seeds are banned in all states, but because several states such as Michigan, Oklahoma, Vermont, Alaska, California, Maine, Massachusetts, Nevada, Oregon and Columbia now allow medical marijuana (and weed for recreational use) the rules for purchasing seeds are adjusted.

Therefore residents from the United States are dependent on the legislation in their own state. For example, the rules in California are different than in Tennessee, Texas, Colorado, Illinois, Maryland, Ohio, Washington, Arizona, Connecticut, Georgia, Minnesota, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Hawaii, or NYC.

If you live in a state where it’s legal to buy medical or recreational cannabis it’s probably also allowed to buy cannabis seeds. However, you have to check this before you buy your weed seeds.

Is it possible to legally buy cannabis seeds online in Canada?

Are you a Canadian resident and do you want to buy cannabis seeds? Please pay attention to the following. Although the federal government made it legal to grow four plants per household if the seeds originate from a legal source, it’s not possible to buy cannabis seeds legally. In Canada, there are no legal sales points for cannabis seeds available. This means you can’t buy cannabis seeds without breaking the law.

In addition, rules concerning home growth vary from province to province. For example in B.C, plants may not be visible to the public and in New Brunswick the plants must be in a confined space.

Can you buy cannabis seeds legally in Australia?

In Australia it’s legal to buy cannabis seeds. However, it’s only legal if you have a prescription for medicinal cannabis. This also applies to the cultivation of your own weed. If you don’t have such a recipe and you are caught with marijuana seeds, the police will probably consider the seeds as illegal and confiscated them.

For non-medicinal users, cannabis seeds are therefore illegal. Nevertheless, there are dispensaries that are currently selling seeds. In addition, most Australians are buying cannabis seeds via online web shops.

Is it legal to buy weed seeds online in New Zealand (NZ)?

In New Zealand cannabis seeds are illegal and you can’t buy them in dispensaries. Therefore, most new Zealanders are buying cannabis seeds online.

Are cannabis seeds legally for sale in Spain?

Spain is a decentralized country with autonomous regions that can define their own regulations. Nevertheless, the policy of the provinces on cannabis seeds is almost the same everywhere: buying and selling cannabis seeds in Spain is permitted for private use. It’s therefore not strictly illegal to own and grow a few cannabis seeds in Spain unless it can be proven that you are planning to trade in weed.

Legality of cannabis seeds in France

In France, weed seeds are legal as long as they are not used for the cultivation of a cannabis plant but residents in France can’t buy cannabis seeds in head shops. They have to buy the seeds online.

Is it possible to buy cannabis seeds in Italy legally?

Italians can buy cannabis seeds both online and in stores but like in many other countries the germination of the seeds is an illegal activity.

Can cannabis seeds in South Africa be legally purchased?

South Africa has decriminalized the use of cannabis in a private room, but there are still some question. For example, whether you can buy cannabis seeds legally. South Africa has a strange policy when it comes to cannabis seeds. In South Africa the purchase and sale of cannabis seeds is prohibited, but you may have cannabis seeds in your possession..

Is it possible to buy cannabis seeds online in Mexico legally?

To us it’s unknown whether cannabis seeds in Mexico are legal or illegal.

Do you want to buy weed seeds?

If you want to buy weed seeds you should check out our assortment.

Los Angeles marijuana lawyers recognize there is great diversity in seed genetics, and advise companies to seek counsel before arranging any kind of