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buying feminized cannabis seeds

A guide to buying cannabis seeds

The first couple months of the year is a great time to start planning your cannabis garden to get a head start on the outdoor growing season, which roughly runs from March to November, depending on where you live.

Navigating the cannabis seed market can be challenging when states have different degrees of legality. This guide will answer your questions on buying seeds so you can be on your way to growing your own cannabis.

Is it legal to buy marijuana seeds?

Marijuana seeds are considered a cannabis product just like flower, edibles, and concentrates. Their legality depends on which state you live in. People living in states with adult-use legalization can buy, produce, and sell seeds within their own state, but seeds can’t cross state lines. People living in states with medical marijuana legalization can only buy seeds if they have a medical card.

Seed banks exist outside of the US and can sell them for “souvenir purposes,” but it is illegal to bring seeds into the US and Customs will seize any cannabis seeds they find in packages or on a person.

Where can I buy cannabis seeds?

Many world-renowned seed banks are overseas in the Netherlands, the UK, Spain, and other countries where cannabis laws are less restricted. Seed banks provide seeds from a variety of different breeders.

In states with adult-use legalization or a medical marijuana program, you can buy seeds within your own state, either at a dispensary or through a specific seed company’s website.

How to buy cannabis seeds online

Before you purchase seeds online, you’ll need to figure out what strain you want to grow and what breeder you want to buy from.

Because US federal law still prohibits cannabis, it can be hard to find information on seed banks and breeders. Breeders who have a long history and positive reputation are usually a good place to start. To get an idea of what well-established breeders look like, check out:

Europe

  • Sensi Seeds
  • DNA Genetics
  • Dinafem
  • Green House Seeds

US

  • Southern Humboldt Seed Collective
  • Exotic Genetix

You can also do some research and find an online grow journal that details the whole growing process of a specific strain from a particular breeder. Through these, you’ll be able to look over another grower’s specific notes and see pictures of the final results.

If you grow some seeds and like the results, try growing another strain from that same breeder and see how it goes.

How to buy cannabis seeds at a dispensary

Although this option is only available to people living in states with medical and adult-use legalization, buying marijuana seeds at the dispensary is far more straightforward. However, your options are more limited.

Dispensary staff should be able to give you information on the seeds they’re selling, but keep in mind that a lot of dispensaries focus on selling flower and end-products. It’s a good idea to call ahead and talk to staff to see if they are knowledgeable about seeds and can give you specific information on growing.

How to look for quality genetics when buying marijuana seeds

Breeders talk about “unstable genetics,” meaning that a seed’s origin is unknown. Make sure that when you buy a packet of seeds that it or the breeder who produced them can list where the seeds came from and how they were crossed and/or backcrossed to get the seed that you hold in your hand. If you can’t get a seed’s history, it could be anything and the result of poor breeding practices.

An inexperienced breeder might cross a male and a female one time and sell the resulting seeds as a new hybrid strain, but professional breeders usually put their strains through several rounds of backcrossing to stabilize the genetics and ensure consistent plants that reflect those genetics.

Which strain should I grow?

Even one weed plant can produce a lot of buds come harvest time, so make sure you grow a strain you like. Note strains you enjoy when you pick something up at the dispensary or smoke with friends, and look for seeds of it when you want to start growing.

Some strains are easier to grow than others because they are more resistant to mold and pests, so if you’re new to growing, you may want to try an easier strain to start.

Some strains also take longer to grow than others. Depending on whether you’re growing indoors or outdoors, you may want to grow a quicker marijuana strain if you live in a climate that get cold and wet early in the season. For example, indicas are known for having a shorter flowering time than sativas.

All of this information should be available to you when buying quality seeds.

What’s the difference between regular, feminized, and autoflower seeds?

Regular seeds

If you buy a packet of regular seeds, they’ll come with a mix of males and females. A lot of cultivators prefer to grow these because they haven’t been backcrossed—essentially inbred—as much as feminized or autoflower seeds. You’ll need to sex out the seeds once their reproductive organs show during the flowering phase and discard the males—because they don’t produce buds and will pollenate females, resulting in seeded flowers.

Feminized seeds

Seeds can come feminized, meaning you can just put them in soil and start growing for buds. These seeds are guaranteed to be bud-producing females and growing them cuts out the step of having to sex out plants and discard the males.

It also reduces the risk of having a stray male sneak into your crop—just one male can pollinate a huge crop, causing your females to focus their energies on producing seeds instead of buds.

Autoflower seeds

Autoflower plants change from the vegetative to flowering state with age, not the changing of their light cycle. They have a short grow-to-harvest time and can be ready to harvest in as little as 2 ½ to 3 months from when you put the seeds in the ground. The downside is that, typically, they are less potent, but autoflower seeds are great for people who want to grow cannabis but don’t want to spend a lot of time doing it.

How much do marijuana seeds cost?

Cannabis seeds usually come in a pack of 10 or 12 seeds and start at around $40 a pack and go up from there. Some high-end genetics can run between $200 to $500 a pack.

Feminized and autoflower seeds will cost more because more breeding work was put in to creating them and they take less time for the grower to get buds.

How many seeds should I buy? Are they all going to survive?

When you grow any amount of seeds, a percentage of them won’t germinate, even if you get them from a reputable breeder. Always count on a few not germinating or dying off, or roughly 1/4 of the total you put in the ground.

When growing regular seeds, some won’t germinate and some will have to be discarded because they’ll turn out to be males. With feminized seeds, some won’t germinate, but a higher percentage of them will turn into flowering plants because there won’t be any males.

If you want six total cannabis plants to harvest for buds and are growing from regular seeds, start with about 4 times as many, or 24 seeds. Some won’t germinate and some will turn out to be males, and then you’ll want to discard down to the six best phenotypes. If growing feminized seeds, you can probably start with about twice as many seeds in this case (about 12); a couple won’t germinate, and then discard down to the six best phenotypes.

Make sure to always stay within your state’s legal limit of growing plants.

How do I buy strain-specific cannabis seeds?

Strains like Blue Dream, Gelato, and Original Glue have gained in popularity in recent years. Check out these resources on how to buy these types of cannabis seeds:

Pat Goggins contributed to this article.

Navigating the cannabis seed market can be tricky from a legal perspective. Get the answer to your top questions about buying cannabis seeds today.

Buying feminized cannabis seeds

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Feminized Cannabis Seeds

Feminized Seeds – If you want to buy quality feminized cannabis seeds, you must understand precisely what it is you’re buying. Feminized cannabis seeds are not just premium seeds with a higher price tag. They are marijuana seeds carefully bred to produce only female cannabis plants — no males, no seeds.

To be clear, female cannabis plants are the only ones that develop flowers and thus the only ones to produce a useful amount of cannabinoids like THC and CBD. Though males produce no flowers or cannabinoids, they do produce pollen and a powerful desire to pass that pollen to some nearby ladies. And they’re good at it, too! A single male can pollinate hundreds of female cannabis plants within miles.

Female Only Plants

By growing female-only cannabis seeds, you avoid the risk of male plants pollinating nearby females. This is important for a few reasons. First is the convenience and bag appeal of a seedless sack of weed. There’s nothing better than opening up a jar of some fine sensimilla, or seedless cannabis flower, and there’s no better feeling than knowing that you grew that premium bud yourself from a small seed.

Secondly (and perhaps most importantly), is the fact that seedless cannabis produces higher cannabinoid levels compared to seedy weed. Essentially, the moment a female cannabis plant is pollinated, her energy averts from producing cannabinoid-rich flowers toward producing the healthiest offspring possible. Indeed, Mary Jane is a strong female, and if pollinated, she will sacrifice cannabinoid production for the sake of her kids.

While we certainly appreciate Mary Jane’s dedication to her lineage, sometimes it’s best to avoid the risk of male pollination all-together. To do this, we recommend buying feminized cannabis seeds.

What Are Feminized Cannabis Seeds?

As mentioned, feminized cannabis seeds are simply seeds specially bred to produce only female flowers. The most common method for producing feminized marijuana seeds is to stress a female into producing her own pollen sacks as a means of protecting her genetic line. Basically, by stressing a female cannabis plant, she briefly assumes she’s done-for and will pollinate herself or other nearby females so her genetic line will not die. Score one for evolution!

After carefully stressing a female into pollination, breeders can confidently sell the resulting seeds as “female cannabis seeds,” knowing full-well that no males will be in the mix.

Let’s explain:

Pollen from male plants contains both X and Y chromosomes. As such, seeds produced from male pollen will produce either female plants (which contain only XX chromosomes) or male plants (which contain both X and Y chromosomes). By removing the male from the pollination process, there is no Y (male) chromosome to pass on to the next generation. Hence, all seeds produced from a pollinated female plant will only contain female genetics. Unless the next generation is also stressed, they should all produce seedless cannabis flower.

Should You Buy Feminized Seeds?

At Greenpoint Seeds, our primary focus is on regular cannabis seeds. These allow both growers and breeders the opportunity to experiment with different strains at a relatively low price. However, we also offer many feminized seeds to make the cultivation process easier, albeit at a slightly higher cost. The increased price point is solely due to the additional feminizing step these seeds endure; both our regular marijuana seeds and our feminized seeds produce dank buds with high cannabinoid levels.

When choosing between regular and feminized cannabis seeds, there are a few things to consider. For example, will you have the time and the capacity to pre-sex your cannabis plants before transitioning into the flowering stage? This process is easy enough for small grows, but large operations often have difficulty pulling all males before it’s too late. The size of your grow and the time you’re willing to invest are significant factors when choosing the best cannabis seeds for your needs.

Additionally, consider your permissible plant-count. Many legal states only allow a certain number of plants per adult and household, and you may not want to fill up your quota with plants that may or may not make it. In this case, we recommend feminized cannabis seeds.

Finally, do you plan to breed your plants? Cannabis strain breeding is an advantageous hobby but usually requires the use of both male and female plants. If breeding your plants is on the horizon, regular cannabis seeds may be a better option for you.

Buy Feminized Seeds Today!

Feminized cannabis seeds are a great way to improve cannabis cultivation efficiency. Rather than risk males in a cannabis crop, many marijuana growers opt for female-only seeds. This can be a bit tricky, of course — regular marijuana seeds and feminized seeds look the same, after all – but buying feminized cannabis seeds from knowledgeable breeders with a track record of success can make the process much easier.

Check out our full selection of feminized cannabis seeds to see for yourself why Greenpoint Seeds is the go-to source for premium cannabis seeds worldwide.

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